Friday, September 21, 2018

The Importance of Quality and Product Design in the New Textile Production Markets - Crimson Publishers

The textile industry has a long tradition in Portugal and is one of its most important sectors. The relocation of production to emerging countries- India, Pakistan and China where manufacturing costs are significantly lower (e.g. labour costs, taxes and transport costs) and governments grant subsidies brings unemployment to countries that previously produced for major international brands. If, on the one hand, in Portugal there are companies where it is possible to make textile production, on the other hand, Portugal has a lack of design of products and own brands. When large brands relocate production, unemployment increases in countries where large brands previously made their production.


The Effect of Twist Multiplier, Elastane Percentage and Pick Density on Denim Quality - Crimson Publishers

For an end consumer of denim garments, the most important factors are performance and comfort after few aesthetic factors such as appearance and fashion appeal. For stretchable denim fabric, the fit related comfort lies in ability of the fabric to be stretched and recover when a repeated load is applied due to body movements without any permanent set called bagging. In this study, the interactive effect of twist multiplier of weft yarn, denier elastane fibre and fabric areal density on performance of denim fabric was investigated.


Behavior of Polymer Films and its Blends for Leather Finishing - Crimson Publishers

Behavior of Polymer Films and its Blends for Leather Finishing by Caroline Borges Agustini*, Cristiana Winter, Marcia Elizabeth RS and Mariliz Gutterres in Trends in Textile Engineering & Fashion Technology

In the final stage of leather processing, many products are applied to form a protective coating. These coatings include resins such as polyacrylates, polyurethanes and casein. The composition of these materials was compared to physical-mechanical properties, as tensile strength resistance, elongation at break, toughness, hardness and thermal characterization by DSC and FTIR analysis. Tensile strength tests showed that the polyurethane resins, in general, have a higher tensile strength when compared to acrylic resins, as well as the values of toughness, indicating that these films support higher impact before the rupture of the material.


Advancements in Textile Processing - Crimson Publishers

Textile manufacturing is considered to be the mother of industrialization and over the years it has transformed its applications and usage from the basic apparel clothing to the ultra modern technical functions. Viewed as one of the worst polluting industries generating gaseous emission, liquid effluent and solid waste, it is imperative to develop and implement novel methods of processing for enhanced sustainability.

Textile CAD Analysis for Warp and Weft Patterning - Crimson Publishers

Textile CAD Analysis for Warp and Weft Patterning by Shariful Islam*, Amirul Islam, Suza Ahmed, Mohammad Arif Billah and Rabeya Islam in Trends in Textile Engineering & Fashion Technology

The aim of this paper is to do patterning in both warp and weft direction against computer aided design for a woven fabric. Patter design is given by the buyer to the fabric manufacturer to make a yarn dyed fabric where the original design or color patter will be reflected in the fabric that will be
made. How many yarns will be needed in warp direction and how many yarns will be needed in weft direction that is also shown in this project. This project work is not only a paper work but also a practical solution for the textile learners, designers, fabric developer and also to many textile experts.


Development of Sustainable Textiles from Kenaf-Cotton Blended Yarn - Crimson Publishers

In the recent years, developing new yarn is the fundamental phenomenon for technical textiles. Different yarns are required now days for both technical as well as for aesthetic properties. Kenaf has good antimicrobial, fire resistance and absorbency that can be utilized in various textiles needed for society. The Kenaf cotton blended yarn of 50%-50% was produced through rotor spinning and was spun into 10Ne count.


Biosynthesis of the Fe3O4 Nanoparticles Using Acacia Nilotica Leaf Extract and their Effect on Degradation of Congo Red Dye in Aqueous Solution - Crimson Publishers

Iron oxide magnetic nanoparticles (Fe3O4 MNPs) were synthesized using Acacia  nilotica leaf extracts  as  reducing  and  capping  agent.  Their  morphology, structure and size were confirmed by UV-visible (UV-vis), Fourier Transform Infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), X-ray diffraction (XRD),
transmission electron microscope (TEM) and vibrating magnetometer sample (VSM). The synthesized Fe3O4 MNPs results in mostly spherical particles with diameters ranging from 16 to 20nm. The catalytic properties of Fe3O4 MNPs for degradation of Congo red (CR) dye in aqueous solution have been studied by UV-vis spectroscopy. The results show that the synthesized high surface area Fe3O4 MNPs has an excellent adsorption performance.


The Importance of Quality and Product Design in the New Textile Production Markets - Crimson Publishers

The Importance of Quality and Product Design in the New Textile Production Markets by Paula Nogueira, Sónia Oliveira, Maria João Felix ...